Clinical reasoning is a complex set of abilities healthcare students have to learn during their studies and continue to further develop in the workplace. Clinical reasoning encompasses the application of knowledge to collect and integrate information from various sources to arrive at a diagnosis and management plan for patients in a shared decision-making process. Due to its multifactorial nature and unconscious components it is both, difficult to learn and teach. A lack of clinical reasoning abilities is a primary cause of cognitive errors in patient care and threats to patient safety including unnecessary pain, treatments, or procedures for patients and increasing the costs of healthcare. In the European Union the number of errors and adverse events in healthcare is estimated at 8-12% of hospitalizations (WHO).
Despite the importance of clinical reasoning for the workplace of healthcare professionals and patient safety there is still a lack of structured and explicit teaching, learning, and assessment of clinical reasoning in healthcare education. Such a training can help to improve patient safety and reduce costs – two priorities of the EU Health policy.
Therefore, the aim of this project is to fill this gap and conceptualize, develop, evaluate, and disseminate a clinical reasoning curriculum in healthcare education for students and a train-the-trainer course for educators on how to teach clinical reasoning.

Events & Meetings

UPCOMING: Virtual AMEE conference 2021

The AMEE conference will be held online from Aug 27th – 30th. The DID-ACT partners will present exciting topics from the project.

More information at the AMEE website

  • Małgorzata Sudacka will present our work on identifying barriers of clinical reasoning teaching.
  • Dr. Samuel Edelbring will present about “Development of a framework for a structured clinical reasoning curriculum: outcomes from a multiprofessional European project”.
  • Dr. Inga Hege will present study results about differences in the clinical reasoning process between female and male medical students

Virtual Medical Education Forum 2021

The 2nd international Medical Education Forum (MEF) will take place as a virtual conference from May 4-6 2021, it had to be moved from 2020 due to the Corona pandemia. The exciting program will include presentations on a variety of topics from DID-ACT experts.

More information

Conference on Cybernetic Modeling of Biological Systems 2021

Virtual AMEE conference 2020

DID-ACT kick-off 2020

Publications & Resources

  • The general needs analysis, which was the basis for this project has been published in Medical Teacher
  • More than 60 open access virtual patients in English and German have been created as part of a previous Marie-Curie Global Fellowship. The courses are freely available at https://crt.casus.net (Login with EduGain account). Part of the virtual patients have been adapted to the current Covid-19 situation.
  • A series on short video clips about clinical reasoning and diagnostic errors is available as aplaylist on YouTube

More information


Please contact us at info@did-act.eu if you have any questions or comments concerning the project.

Project coordinator: Inga Hege
Medical Education Sciences, University of Augsburg, Universitätsstr. 2, 86159 Augsburg, Germany

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